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The PRC Navy and submarines -- a history.

This is the place to read all about submarines in the real world!

The PRC Navy and submarines -- a history.

Postby U-5075 » Mon Oct 05, 2009 7:20 am

[This is a glimpse into the history of the PRC Navy.]

A Glimpse into the History of the PLAN of the People's Republic of China

2009-10-03 07:28
Special report: Celebrating 60th Anniversary of Founding of PRC

[Below is a selected abstract of the URL above, focusing on the section of PRC submarines.]

The Navy Submarines

Submarines are an important part of the navy's fighting capacity. A naval power will inevitably develop submarines. China's seamen had called for purchases of submarines as early as the late Qing Dynasty. During the Republic of China period (1912-1949), the government planned to order submarines from abroad, but due the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan, they failed to materialize. After the founding the PRC, the country had great difficulties in building submarines due to military technology embargoes by foreign countries.

After five years of construction, China's first submarine fleet was created in June 1954. This fleet contained two old-fashioned and small submarines, the New China 11 and the New China 12. But they were China's first submarine fleet in 200 years since the vessels were invented. In the 1950s, China imported two mid-sized torpedo submarines from the former Soviet Union. By the 1960s, China already was building her own submarines using domestically produced materials, and was improving its existing submarines and accumulating knowledge to develop the next generation.

China's independently-built Type 035 Submarine was launched in 1971. Its speed, controllability, navigation, duration of submersion, and noise control were all greatly improved. China rolled out its third generation of submarines that began service in 1996.

China was also increasing efforts to develop nuclear-powered subs while building conventional diesel-electric submarines. On Jan. 17, 1955, the United States put to sea its first nuclear submarine, the Nautilus, in the state of Connecticut. Its massive power inspired China at the other end of the Pacific. With no knowledge and experience, China's path of building nuclear-powered subs was full of trial and error. All the Chinese designers had at that time were two fuzzy photographs of a nuclear-powered submarine, and their only source of inspiration came from a submarine toy brought back from abroad. But in less than 20 years, China put to sea its first nuclear sub on Aug. 1, 1974, and in August 1983, its first ballistic-missile submarine.

In 1985, China's nuclear submarine, Long March, started its maiden underwater voyage to test the submarine, its endurance, perseverance, and capability of the crew. Since 1960 when the United States launched the USS Triton, the first nuclear submarine for a submerged circumnavigation of the Earth, the vessel had held the world record for longest underwater navigation after 84 days and nights. But the Chinese navy set a new record of 90 days in the Long March Submarine, challenging their extreme physical limits.

In over half a century, China's submarine fleet transformed from bulky mechanics to modern and advanced vessels in the information age. The fleet has also grown from singular to multiple types. Instead of quantity, quality and efficiency are the present-day standards for the submarines forces. China, possessing both conventional diesel-electric and nuclear subs, has made a statement with its great progress in its submarines fleet combat capacity. The newest generation of submarines is catching up with the world leaders in science and technologies. As China's modernizes its submarines, the PLAN is also changing its old-fashioned solo-sub training exercises. The Navy is now facilitating multiple submarines, and engaging service personnel of land, sea, and air to train together in more complicated situations, setting more challenges for and boosting the fleet's command, quick response, and coordinated attack capabilities.
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Postby David H » Sat Oct 10, 2009 6:33 am

Since when have chinese nuclear submarines been called the "Long march"?

I assume they are referring to the type 091 ( Han) or 092 (Xia ) classes.
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Postby U-5075 » Sat Oct 10, 2009 9:01 am
MANY more images and text. ... ade-34911/

Nuclear submarines on display at Chinese naval parade

April 23rd, 2009
QINGDAO - Nuclear powered submarines were on display for the first time Thursday at China’s naval parade off the coast of Qingdao.

The parade marked the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy.

President Hu Jintao, who is also chairman of the Central Military Commission, was accompanied by PLA Navy Commander Admiral Wu Shengli aboard the destroyer Shijiazhuang.

The parade displayed 25 naval vessels and 31 aircraft of the PLA Navy, including the country’s nuclear submarines.

Four submarines came first in the parade. Two were nuclear-powered, the Long March 6 and the Long March 3, and two were conventionally-powered, the Great Wall 218 and the Great Wall 177.

This was the first public appearance of the PLA nuclear submarines. ... 155530.ece

2 photos one of submarines.
Also click onto "Multimedia. Pictures of Chinese Navy" when viewing the original article. This gives you a couple of closer
or larger views.

From The Times
April 23, 2009

‘Secret’ submarines lead show of China’s naval might
Jane Macartney, Beijing

China showed off its nuclear submarines to the world for the first time today with two previously top-secret vessels leading a naval parade in the East China Sea.

Thousands of white-uniformed soldiers stood to attention on the decks of warships, naval jets screamed overhead and helicopters rattled above streaming red, yellow and blue smoke trails as the People’s Liberation Army Navy (Plan) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding.

President Hu was on board the destroyer Shijiazhuang to witness the display of maritime might — perhaps hoping that this fleet will fare better than the country’s first modern navy, established in 1888 and destroyed a year later by the Japanese.

State media said that 25 submarines, destroyers, frigates and missile boats and 31 aircraft were on show off the eastern port city of Qingdao. It was only the fourth such review since 1949 and the first to include international ships, including a US destroyer.

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Addressing the sailors in his capacity as chairman of the Central Military Commission, Mr Hu reiterated what he called China’s commitment to peace and restraint. “China will stick unswervingly to the path of peaceful development, and will never seek hegemony now or in the future, no matter how much the country develops,” he said.

“China will not engage in military expansionism nor an arms race, and will never constitute a military threat to any other nation.”

Military analysts said that the unusual display of openness reflected China’s growing sense of its importance on the international stage. Li Daguang, a weapons expert at the National Defence University in Beijing, said that invitations to foreign naval officers to tour its warships were rare. “The openness comes from the confidence in itself,” he said.

The decision, announced only this week, to place two of its estimated ten nuclear submarines in the public eye for the first time drew widespread attention. China displayed two of its 20-year-old 092-type submarines — the Long March 6 and Long March 3 — to lead the parade, with flags fluttering from their turrets. It kept its more modern 094 submarines out of sight, a move one disappointed analyst described as showing that China’s strategy would remain defensive.

Beijing has always emphasised that its military build-up, watched with a wary eye by the United States, poses no threat to other countries. It sent two ships to the Gulf of Aden this year on an anti-piracy assignment in the navy’s first potential combat mission beyond territorial waters, sending a message that it was ready to play a responsible role on international seas.

Jean-Pierre Cabestan, Professor of Political Science at Hong Kong Baptist University, described the parade as a show of power. “It’s a public relations display with a double message — China as an integrator, showing it is keeping with the rules of the international game, but also showing it is now in the big power arena.”

The Chinese Navy still lags far behind that of the United States, which has 75 nuclear submarines. An editorial in the China Daily noted: “Let us be sensible — the Plan does not have much muscle to show off.”

It needs a stronger force to protect sea routes along which it imports about 70 per cent of its energy needs, and to ensure its capability in territorial disputes.

Admiral Wu Shengli, the Navy’s commander-in-chief, said this month that China would develop a new generation of warships and aircraft to give it longer-range capabilities. Beijing has also said that it is ready to build an aircraft carrier.

“Now we are a commercial and maritime nation and our ways to survive have changed,” the defence analyst Ni Lexiong told The Times.
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Postby U-5075 » Sat Oct 10, 2009 9:11 am

Still yet even more Chinese Navy photos including Type 094
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